Skip to content
Subscribe to RSS Find me on GitHub Follow me on Twitter

Hello World in JavaScript: Getting Started with Coding


Coding is an essential skill in today's digital world. It empowers individuals to create, innovate, and solve problems. Learning to code opens up a wide range of opportunities, from building websites and web applications to developing software and mobile apps.

JavaScript, as a programming language, is an excellent starting point for beginners. It is widely used in web development and offers a gentle learning curve with its easy-to-understand syntax. JavaScript allows you to add interactivity and dynamic functionality to websites, making it an essential skill for aspiring web developers.

In this blog post, we will guide you through the process of getting started with coding in JavaScript. We will cover the basics of JavaScript, setting up your coding environment, writing your first program, and running your code. By the end of this article, you will have a solid foundation to continue your journey into the world of JavaScript programming.

What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is a high-level programming language that is primarily used for client-side web development. It was created in 1995 by Brendan Eich and has since become one of the most popular programming languages in the world. JavaScript is known for its versatility and is used for a wide range of applications, including building interactive websites, web applications, mobile apps, and even server-side development.

JavaScript plays a crucial role in web development as it allows developers to add dynamic and interactive elements to websites. With JavaScript, you can create responsive user interfaces, handle user input, manipulate and update web page content, and communicate with web servers to fetch and send data.

Apart from web development, JavaScript is also used in other fields such as game development, desktop applications, and even server-side scripting. Its wide range of use cases and extensive ecosystem of libraries and frameworks make it a versatile language that is worth learning for beginners.

In the next section, we will look at how to set up your environment to start writing JavaScript code.

Setting Up Your Environment

To start coding in JavaScript, you'll need to set up your coding environment. There are different options available for running JavaScript code, depending on your preferences and the type of project you're working on. Two common options are using a browser console or Node.js.

Browser Console

If you're just starting out with JavaScript, using the browser console is a simple and convenient option. Most modern browsers have a built-in console that allows you to write and run JavaScript code directly.

To access the browser console, you can usually right-click on a web page, select "Inspect" or "Inspect Element," and then navigate to the "Console" tab. Alternatively, you can open the console using keyboard shortcuts such as Ctrl+Shift+J (Windows/Linux) or Command+Option+J (Mac).


If you're interested in running JavaScript outside of a browser environment or working on more complex projects, you can use Node.js. Node.js is a runtime environment that allows you to execute JavaScript code on the server-side.

To set up Node.js, follow these steps:

  1. Install Node.js: Visit the official Node.js website ( and download the appropriate installer for your operating system. Run the installer and follow the instructions to complete the installation.

  2. Verify Installation: Open a terminal or command prompt and type the following command to check if Node.js is installed:

    node -v

    If you see a version number, it means Node.js is installed correctly.

  3. Create a JavaScript File: Create a new file with a .js extension, such as hello.js, and open it in a text editor.

  4. Write Your First Program: In the hello.js file, write the following code:

    console.log("Hello, World!");

    This code will print "Hello, World!" to the console.

  5. Run Your Code: In the terminal or command prompt, navigate to the directory where your hello.js file is located. Then, run the following command:

    node hello.js

    You should see the output "Hello, World!" in the terminal.

By following these steps, you can set up your environment to run JavaScript code using either the browser console or Node.js. Experiment with different options and continue exploring the world of JavaScript coding.

Writing Your First Program

One of the first programs that beginners often write when learning a new programming language is the "Hello World" program. This simple program is used to demonstrate the basic syntax and structure of the language. Its significance lies in the fact that it provides a starting point for understanding how to write code and see the output.

In JavaScript, there are two common ways to display the "Hello World" message: printing it to the console or displaying it in a browser.

To print the message to the console, you can use the console.log() function. This function takes a message as an argument and displays it in the console. Here's an example:

console.log("Hello World");

To display the message in a browser, you can use JavaScript to manipulate the HTML content of a webpage. One way to do this is by using the document.write() method. This method writes content directly into the HTML document. Here's an example:

document.write("Hello World");

Both of these methods produce the same output: the message "Hello World" will be displayed either in the console or on the webpage, depending on which method you choose to use.

Now that you understand the concept and significance of the "Hello World" program, you are ready to move on to the next step: running your code.

Running Your Code

To run the 'Hello World' program in JavaScript, follow these step-by-step instructions:

  1. Open your chosen JavaScript environment, whether it's a browser console or an integrated development environment (IDE) like Visual Studio Code.

  2. Create a new JavaScript file or open an existing one where you want to write your code.

  3. In the JavaScript file, write the following code:

    console.log("Hello, World!");

    This code uses the console.log() function to print the message "Hello, World!" to the console.

  4. Save the JavaScript file with a .js extension, such as helloworld.js.

  5. Now, depending on your chosen environment, you have a couple of options to run the code:

    • If you're using a browser console, open the developer tools by right-clicking on the web page and selecting "Inspect" or by pressing F12 or Ctrl+Shift+I (Windows) / Cmd+Option+I (Mac). Then, navigate to the "Console" tab and ensure that your JavaScript file is included in the web page. Finally, press Enter or click the "Run" button to execute the code.

    • If you're using an IDE like Visual Studio Code, you can use an extension like Code Runner to run the code directly within the IDE. Alternatively, you can use the command line by navigating to the directory where the JavaScript file is located and running the following command:

      node helloworld.js
  6. After executing the code, you should see the output "Hello, World!" displayed in the console or terminal.

If you encounter any errors while running the code, here are a few common troubleshooting steps:

  • Double-check that your code is correctly written, including any necessary parentheses or quotation marks.
  • Ensure that your JavaScript file is saved with the correct file extension (.js).
  • Verify that your chosen environment is properly configured and has the necessary permissions to run JavaScript code.
  • If you're using an IDE, make sure that the correct JavaScript runtime is selected.

By following these steps, you can successfully run your 'Hello World' program in JavaScript and see the expected output. Congratulations on taking your first steps in coding with JavaScript!


In this blog post, we have covered the basics of getting started with coding in JavaScript. We started by understanding the importance of coding and why learning JavaScript is a great choice for beginners. JavaScript is a versatile programming language that plays a crucial role in web development and has a wide range of use cases.

We then moved on to setting up our coding environment, exploring different options such as using a browser console or Node.js. We provided step-by-step instructions on how to set up the chosen environment, ensuring that you are ready to start writing JavaScript code.

Next, we learned how to write our first program, the famous 'Hello World' program. We explained the JavaScript syntax for printing a message to the console or displaying it in a browser. This simple program serves as a starting point for understanding the fundamentals of JavaScript coding.

Finally, we discussed how to run our 'Hello World' program in the chosen environment, providing step-by-step instructions and troubleshooting common errors. By running the program, we were able to see the expected output and confirm that our code was working correctly.

We encourage you to continue exploring JavaScript and coding in general. JavaScript is a powerful language that can open up a world of possibilities for you in web development and beyond. With practice and determination, you can become proficient in JavaScript and start building your own projects.

Remember, coding is a skill that requires continuous learning and practice. Don't be afraid to experiment, make mistakes, and seek help when needed. The more you code, the more you'll develop your problem-solving abilities and become a confident programmer.

So, go ahead and dive deeper into the world of JavaScript. Happy coding!